Paleoanthropology is the study of human evolution through the fossil and archaeological records.

It is an interdisciplinary field whose practitioners include biological anthropologists, Paleolithic archaeologists, earth scientists and geneticists. UC Davis Paleoanthropologists work in Africa, Asia and Europe, and particularly focus on understanding modern human origins, Neandertals, early hominins, and human biological variation. They lead field work in Mongolia and South Africa, as well as participating in field projects in China, France and Morocco. They also work on developing mathematical, computational and experimental approaches for analyzing archaeological and fossil data.